038 – Source Notes



Albert Gallatin [c. 1848], courtesy of Wikipedia
Audio editing for this episode done by Andrew Pfannkuche

  • Burton, Theodore E. “Henry Clay Secretary of State March 7, 1825, to March 3, 1829.” The American Secretaries of State and Their Diplomacy, Volume III and Volume IV. Samuel Flagg Bemis, ed. New York: Pageant Book Co, 1958. pp. 115-158.
  • Dungan, Nicholas. Gallatin: America’s Swiss Founding Father. New York and London: New York University Press, 2010.
  • Graebner, Norman A, and George C Herring. “Henry Clay, Realist.” The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society. 107:4 (Autumn 2009) 551-576.
  • Hargreaves, Mary W M. The Presidency of John Quincy Adams. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1985.
  • Nagel, Paul C. John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, a Private Life. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1997.
  • Register of Debates in Congress, Volume I: Comprising the Leading Debates and Incidents of the Second Session of the Eighteenth Congress Together with an Appendix, Containing the Most Important State Papers and Public Documents to Which the Session Has Given Birth, to Which are Added, the Laws Enacted During the Session With a Copious Index to the Whole. Washington: Gales & Seaton, 1825. https://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llrd&fileName=001/llrd001.db&recNum=373 [Last Accessed: 17 Jun 2017]
  • Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York: W W Norton & Co, 1991.
  • White, Leonard D. The Jeffersonians: A Study in Administrative History, 1801-1829. New York: Macmillan Co, 1956.

038 – The Nation’s Chief Diplomat



The State Department Building, c. 1865, courtesy of Wikipedia

Henry Clay takes over the State Department and finds he has big shoes to fill coming in after John Quincy Adams. As he assumes his duties, he is forced to deal with personal tragedy, poor health, and difficult diplomatic negotiations. Though scoring some wins abroad as new treaties are entered into, Clay only meets with frustration when dealing with the British and with folks back home in Kentucky. Listen in as we discuss the period of Clay’s life that one historian calls “the least congenial period of his whole official life.” Source information for this episode can be found at http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com.


037 – Source Notes



Ashland, Henry Clay’s estate, courtesy of Analogue Kid on Wikipedia

Audio editing for this episode done by Andrew Pfannkuche.

  • Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1999 [1971].
  • Coit, Margaret L. John C Calhoun: American Portrait. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co, 1950.
  • Dangerfield, George. The Era of Good Feelings. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co, 1952.
  • Fischer, David Hackett. The Revolution of American Conservatism: The Federalist Party in the Era of Jeffersonian Democracy. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.
  • Hargreaves, Mary W M. The Presidency of John Quincy Adams. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1985.
  • Hopkins, James F. “Election of 1824.” History of American Presidential Elections 1789-1968, Volume I. Arthur M Schlesinger, Jr, ed. New York: Chelsea House Publishers and McGraw-Hill Book Co, 1971. pp. 349-381.
  • Landry, Jerry. Harrison Podcast. http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com.
  • Nagel, Paul C. John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, a Private Life. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1997.
  • Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire, 1767-1821. New York: Harper & Row, 1977.
  • Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Freedom, 1822-1832. New York: Harper & Row, 1981.
  • Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York: W W Norton & Co, 1991.
  • Sublette, Ned, and Constance Sublette. The American Slave Coast: A History of the Slave-Breeding Industry. Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 2016.
  • Turner, Lynn W. “Elections of 1816 and 1820.” History of American Presidential Elections 1789-1968, Volume I. Arthur M Schlesinger, Jr, ed. New York: Chelsea House Publishers and McGraw-Hill Book Co, 1971. pp. 299-321.

037 – The Compromiser is Compromised



William H Crawford by John Wesley Jarvis [c. 1810s], courtesy of Wikipedia
Henry Clay’s desire for the presidency grows as 1824 nears, but before he can try for that seat, he has to help hold the nation together during the Missouri Crisis and navigate through the perilous waters of personal debt. This episode takes us through James Monroe’s second term of office and the political maneuverings in the lead up to the election dubbed “The War of the Giants.” Source information for this episode can be found at http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com.


036 – Source Notes



Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry by Thomas Lawrence [c. 1809-1810], courtesy of the National Portrait Gallery
Audio editing for this episode done by Andrew Pfannkuche.

  • Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1999 [1971].
  • Bemis, Samuel Flagg. John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy. New York: Knopf, 1956.
  • Esdaile, Charles. Napoleon’s Wars: An International History. New York: Penguin, 2009 [2007].
  • Green, Constance McLaughlin. Washington, Volume I: Village and Capital, 1800-1878. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1962.
  • Ketcham, Ralph. James Madison: A Biography. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1994 [1971].
  • Nagel, Paul C. John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, a Private Life. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1997.
  • Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire, 1767-1821. New York: Harper & Row, 1977.
  • Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York: W W Norton & Co, 1991.
  • Rutland, Robert Allen. The Presidency of James Madison. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1990.

036 – No Fear, No More



Portrait of James Monroe by Samuel Morse [c. 1819], courtesy of Wikipedia
Henry Clay’s return from Europe following the War of 1812 marks a change both in the trajectory of the nation as well as Clay’s relationship with the Republican executive administration starting with James Monroe’s inauguration in 1819. Clay takes on Monroe, John Quincy Adams, and Andrew Jackson as he attempts to exert his influence over the American political landscape (as well as possibly position himself for the presidency). Source information for this episode can be found at http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com.


035 – Source Notes



Ribbon for a Harrison Campaign Rally, 1840, courtesy of Wikipedia

If you’d like to learn more about Ron’s research on the 1840 campaign, the best source is of course his book. The Carnival Campaign is available at Barnes & Noble or other booksellers.

For other interviews with Ron:

Audio for this episode was edited by Andrew Pfannkuche.


035 – Interview with Ron Shafer



   

Ron Shafer, author of The Carnival Campaign, shares his insight into the 1840 presidential campaign, some of the prominent figures and circumstances of the time, and how he feels that William Henry Harrison is the figure from the 1840 campaign that people should know more about. During the course of the interview, Ron brings in his experience as a former Wall Street Journal reporter and editor, in particular his writing the page one column The Washington Wire, to share with listeners how the 1840 campaign in particular and early American politics in particular compares with our own time.

More information about this episode can be found at http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com.


034 – Source Notes



DeWitt Clinton by Rembrandt Peale [c. 1823], courtesy of Wikipedia
  • Bemis, Samuel Flagg. John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1956.
  • Berton, Pierre. The Invasion of Canada, 1812-1813. Toronto: Anchor Canada, 2001 [1980].
  • Borneman, Walter R. 1812: The War That Forged a Nation. New York: HarperCollins, 2004.
  • Cleaves, Freeman. Old Tippecanoe: William Henry Harrison and His Time. Newtown, CT: American Political Biography Press, 2010 [1939].
  • Collins, George C, ed. Fifty Reasons why the Honorable Henry Clay Should Be Elected President of the United States. By an Irish Adopted Citizen. Baltimore, MD: Murphy, 1844.
  • Esdaile, Charles. Napoleon’s Wars: An International History. New York: Penguin, 2007.
  • Hopkins, James F, ed. The Papers of Henry Clay: Volume I, The Rising Statesman 1797-1814. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1959.
  • Ketcham, Ralph. James Madison: A Biography. Charlottesville, VA and London: University Press of Virginia, 1994 [1971].
  • Latimer, Jon. 1812: War With America. Cambridge, MA and London: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2007. Nagel, Paul C. John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, a Private Life. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1997.
  • Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York: W W Norton & Co, 1991.
  • Risjord, Norman K. “Election of 1812.” History of American Presidential Elections 1789-1968: Volume I. Arthur M Schlesinger, Jr, ed. New York: Chelsea House and McGraw-Hill, 1971. p. 249-296.
  • Rutland, Robert Allen. The Presidency of James Madison. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1990.
  • US Census Bureau. “Table 16. Population: 1790 to 1990.” United States Summary. 26 August 1993. https://www.census.gov/population/www/censusdata/files/table-16.pdf. Last Accessed: 10 April 2017.

The music sample from this episode came from the Henry Clay APUSH Video by Ben Glasser available on YouTube which is a highly recommended, humorous ode to Clay’s accomplishments. Believe me, the tune’s addictive.

And finally, for those interested, the t-shirts mentioned in the episode:

 
Andrew‘s 1844 Clay Campaign Shirt My 1840 Tippecanoe Campaign Shirt

 

 


034 – Mr. Speaker to Mr. Diplomat



The Signing of the Treaty of Ghent, Christmas Eve, 1814 by Amédée Forestier, courtesy of Wikipedia

The Star of the West, Henry Clay, heads east as he is appointed as a peace commissioner and sent to Ghent, Belgium to negotiate with the British to end a war that was not going all that well (except for, of course, in the campaigns led by General William Henry Harrison). Before heading off to Europe though, Clay also had his first brush with presidential politics as he was offered a place on a presidential ticket. Sources used for this episode can be found at http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com.