REBROADCAST – 024 – The New Year’s Levee



As the world rings in a new year, I bring you this episode originally released on New Year’s Day 2017 for a look back on early American traditions with a focus on a New Year’s tradition from days gone by: the Presidential New Year’s Day Reception. From the very beginning to the last one in the 20th century, I examine how different presidents both before and after Harrison approached the event and what it meant for a nation working to develop its own identity after independence. For source notes and additional information, please visit http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com.

Featured image: The White House, c. 1846, by John Plumbe Jr, courtesy of the Library of Congress and Wikipedia


047 – Source Notes



Audio editing for this episode by Andrew Pfannkuche

  • Bassett, John Spencer, ed. Correspondence of Andrew Jackson: Volume VI, 1839-1845. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1933.
  • Cleaves, Freeman. Old Tippecanoe: William Henry Harrison and His Time. Newtown, CT: American Political Biography Press, 2010 [1939].
  • Goebel, Dorothy Burne. William Henry Harrison: A Political Biography. Philadelphia, PA: Porcupine Press, 1974 [1926].
  • Green, James A. William Henry Harrison: His Life and Times. Richmond, VA: Garrett and Massie, 1941.
  • Gunderson, Robert Gray. The Log-Cabin Campaign. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1977 [1957].
  • Harrison, William Henry. “16 June 1834, To George Poindexter.” Reel 2. William Henry Harrison Papers. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
  • Harrison, William Henry. “Inaugural Address,” March 4, 1841. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=25813.
  • Jackson, Andrew. “17 Feb 1841, to Amos Kendall.” Reel 53, Andrew Jackson Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, DC..
  • Landry, Jerry. Harrison Podcast. http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com. 2016.
  • Mahon, John K. History of the Second Seminole War, 1835-1842: Revised Edition. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press, 1991 [1967].
  • Nagel, Paul C. John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, a Private Life. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1997.
  • Picone, Louis L. Where the Presidents Were Born: The History and Preservation of the Presidential Birthplaces. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing Ltd, 2012.
  • Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire 1767-1821. New York: Harper & Row, 1977.
  • Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Democracy, 1833-1845. New York: Harper & Row, 1984.
  • Shafer, Ronald G. The Carnival Campaign: How the Rollicking 1840 Campaign of “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too” Changed Presidential Elections Forever. Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2016.

047 – Old Hickory and Old Tip



Andrew Jackson by James Tooley Jr [c. 1840], courtesy of Wikipedia
Though never personal, throughout the course of the early 19th century, Andrew Jackson and William Henry Harrison found their lives intertwined for decades, through war and peace. Though they often found themselves in competition, there were also some rare instances where they could be found on the same side, and the story of their relationship over time provides much insight about the antebellum period of American history. Source information for this episode can be found at http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com.


046 – Pictures



Clemson, Photo by Alex Slawson

 

John C Calhoun by Mathew Brady [c. 1849], courtesy of Wikipedia
Fort Hill Entrance, Photo by Jerry Landry

 

Fort Hill Kitchen, Photo by Jerry Landry

 

Fort Hill Plantation Office, Photo by Jerry Landry

 

Fort Hill Well, Photo by Jerry Landry

 

Me outside of Fort Hill (please note the Tippecanoe and Tyler Too T-shirt), Photo by Alex Slawson

 

   

“Death Valley”, Photos by Jerry Landry

 


046 – Fort Hill and Beethoven’s Crazy Racist Cousin



Join me on a tour of Fort Hill, the home of John C Calhoun who served as the 7th vice president. Even more so than many of Harrison and Clay’s other contemporaries, Calhoun leaves a difficult legacy for students of history to consider as his concepts of nullification, states’ rights, and slavery as a ‘positive good’ were key justifications to lead the Southern states to secede and form the Confederacy just over a decade after Calhoun’s death, and Calhoun’s ideas and the events that they inspired continue to have an impact on the present day. The historic site provides great insight into Calhoun’s domestic situation and about the enslaved people whose lives Calhoun held in his hands, both as a slave owner and as a national leader.

Pictures from the trip can be located at http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com

The campus map can be located at the following link: http://www.clemson.edu/campus-map/

Sources:

  • “Fort Hill Home of John C. Calhoun and Thomas Green Clemson.” Clemson University, Department of Historic Properties. Pamphlet.
  • “Fort Hill Plantation c. 1803.” Clemson University, Department of Historic Properties. Pamphlet.
  • “The African-American Experience at Fort Hill.” Clemson University, Department of Historic Properties. Pamphlet.

045 – Source Notes



Zachary Taylor [c. 1843-1845], courtesy of Wikipedia
Audio editing for this episode by Andrew Pfannkuche

  • Bauer, K Jack. Zachary Taylor: Soldier, Planter, Statesman of the Old Southwest. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1985.
  • Bergeron, Paul H. The Presidency of James K. Polk. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1987.
  • Hay, Melba Porter, ed. The Papers of Henry Clay, Volume 10: Candidate, Compromiser, Elder Statesman January 1, 1844-June 29, 1852. Lexington, KY: The University Press of Kentucky, 1991.
  • Holt, Michael F. The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
  • Landry, Jerry. Harrison Podcast. 2017. http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com.
  • Rayback, Robert J. Millard Fillmore: Biography of a President. Newtown, CT: American Political Biography Press, 2009 [1992]
  • Remini, Robert V. Daniel Webster: The Man and His Time. New York and London: W W Norton & Co, 1997.
  • Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York: W W Norton & Co, 1991.
  • Smith, Elbert B. The Presidencies of Zachary Taylor & Millard Fillmore. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1988.

045 – The Compromiser’s Last Bow



The United States Senate, A.D. 1850, by Peter F Rothermel and Robert Whitechurch [c. 1855], courtesy of Wikipedia
Though progressing into his seventh decade of life, Henry Clay was pulled back into the public sphere as the nation’s new president, James K Polk, led the nation into war with Mexico. Despite ill health and personal issues, Clay aimed one more time for the Executive Mansion and instead found himself being called to the Senate once more to prevent the disunion of the nation. Source information for this episode can be found at http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com.


044 – Source Notes



Polk-Dallas Campaign Banner [c. 1844], courtesy of the Library of Congress
Audio editing for this episode done by Andrew Pfannkuche.

  • Chitwood, Oliver Perry. John Tyler: Champion of the Old South. Newtown, CT: American Political Biography Press, 2003 [1939].
  • Coit, Margaret L. John C Calhoun: American Portrait. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co, 1950.
  • Curtis, James C. The Fox at Bay: Martin Van Buren and the Presidency, 1837-1841. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1970.
  • Hay, Melba Porter, ed. The Papers of Henry Clay, Volume 10: Candidate, Compromiser, Elder Statesman January 1, 1844-June 29, 1852. Lexington, KY: The University Press of Kentucky, 1991.
  • Holt, Michael F. The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
  • Howe, Daniel Walker. What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815-1848. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
  • Landry, Jerry. Harrison Podcast. http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com. 2017.
  • Leonard, Thomas M. James K. Polk: A Clear and Unquestionable Destiny. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 2001.
  • McCormac, Eugene Irving. James K. Polk: A Political Biography, To the Prelude of War 1795-1845, Vol. I. Newtown, CT: American Political Biography Press, 2000 [1922].
  • Niven, John. Martin Van Buren: The Romantic Age of American Politics. Newtown, CT: American Political Biography Press, 2012 [1983].
  • Peterson, Norma Lois. The Presidencies of William Henry Harrison & John Tyler. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1989.
  • Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Democracy, 1833-1845. New York: Harper & Row, 1984.
  • Remini, Robert V. Daniel Webster: The Man and His Time. New York and London: W W Norton & Co, 1997.
  • Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York: W W Norton & Co, 1991.
  • Seager, Robert, II, ed. The Papers of Henry Clay, Volume 9: The Whig Leader, January 1, 1837-December 31, 1843. Lexington, KY: The University Press of Kentucky, 1988.
  • Sellers, Charles. “Election of 1844.” History of American Presidential Elections 1789-1968, Volume I. Arthur M Schlesinger, Jr, ed. New York: Chelsea House Publishers and McGraw-Hill Book Co, 1971. pp. 747-861.
  • Wilson, Clyde N, ed. The Papers of John C. Calhoun, Volume XVI, 1841-1843. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1984.

044 – GTH: How Texas Kept Clay From the White House



Theodore Frelinghuysen by Mathew Brady [c. 1855-1865], courtesy of the Library of Congress
John Tyler’s unexpected ascendancy to the presidency causes both Whigs and Democrats to think and rethink their strategies for the 1844 presidential election. Presumptive candidates Henry Clay and Martin Van Buren prepare to lead their respective parties into the general campaign, but for both, complications arise that threaten their political futures as the ambitious new president makes a priority of bringing Texas into the Union. Dissension in the ranks, rivals for power, and increased sectional tensions all threaten to make 1844 a year that Clay and Van Buren may wish to forget. Source information for this episode can be found at http://whhpodcast.blubrry.com


043 – Source Notes



Willie Person Mangum by James Lambdin [c. 1844], courtesy of Wikipedia
Audio editing for this episode by Andrew Pfannkuche

  • Adams, Charles Francis, ed. Memoirs of John Quincy Adams, Comprising Portions of His Diary From 1795 to 1848, Vol. VIII. Philadelphia, PA: J B Lippincott & Co, 1876.
  • Chitwood, Oliver Perry. John Tyler: Champion of the Old South. Newtown, CT: American Political Biography Press, 2003 [1939].
  • Coit, Margaret L. John C Calhoun: American Portrait. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co, 1950.
  • Gunderson, Robert Gray. The Log-Cabin Campaign. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1977 [1957].
  • Holt, Michael F. The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
  • Niven, John. Martin Van Buren: The Romantic Age of American Politics. Newtown, CT: American Political Biography Press, 2012 [1983].
  • Remini, Robert V. Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York: W W Norton & Co, 1991.
  • Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Democracy, 1833-1845. New York: Harper & Row, 1984.
  • Seager, Robert, II, ed. The Papers of Henry Clay, Volume 8: Candidate, Compromiser, Whig March 5, 1829-December 31, 1836. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1984.
  • Sellers, Charles. “Election of 1844.” History of American Presidential Elections 1789-1968, Volume I. Arthur M Schlesinger, Jr, ed. New York: Chelsea House Publishers and McGraw-Hill Book Co, 1971. pp. 747-861.